This element of the service involves a range of activities designed to build the skills and abilities of officers, staff, Occupational Health and Human Resource services to deliver trauma, post incident and disaster management in a way that develops and delivers wellbeing across police organisations.

This area allows us to focus specifically on trauma with very targeted areas of work but also feeds that into activity across the majority of the other live services within the National Police Wellbeing Service including Psychological Risk Management, Peer Support, Leadership and Individual resilience.

What we offer

It is inevitable that traumatic incidents will occur in policing and it is important to recognise that these may not be viewed, felt or experienced in the same way by everyone. Indeed, individual officers and staff may be surprised by their own responses to such events.

However, organisationally it is essential to have a plan to deal with a range of trauma related situations and responses if policing is to carry out its role in protecting society, and we are working with forces to provide support and guidance across the following three areas:

1: Building organisational and operational capability.

Forces should always be ready to respond to and deal with primary trauma (such as physical assaults and accidents), secondary trauma which can affect those exposed to traumatic events / scenes or those deeply involved with victims of crime / abuse and major incidents or disasters such as terrorist attacks, fire or flooding.

In support of this, we are developing the following:

  • A UK-wide Policing strategic framework for trauma and post-incident management;
  • Engaging professional groups including: Occupational Health, Human Resources, Health and Safety and emergency planners in developing effective disaster management planning for police officer and staff wellbeing;
  • Initiating annual disaster planning exercises (two per year over five years) including Wellbeing Van deployments.

2: Building individual resilience and skills

In order to deal with the difficult job that police officers and staff do, it is important that forces focus on creating resilient teams and groups which have the skills and capacity to reverse or reduce the impact of exposure to trauma. Individual resilience is dependent on many things, including peer support, line management support and individual coping styles and skills.

There is a need for forces to develop and encourage individual resilience through training, team-working, coaching and culture. The building of individual resilience and skills should also address some of the issues around the stigma of seeking support.

In support of this we are working with specialists and experts to:

  • Identify the trauma related risks faced, or likely to be faced in policing and highlighting those who may be directly or indirectly affected by trauma;
  • Creating approaches to reduce the risks and mitigate the impact of traumatic incidents;
  • Building in a specific trauma focus into our training for line managers, supervisors, Occupational Health and Human Resource Professionals in delivering in procedures to reduce the impact of exposure to trauma;
  • Providing a ‘Gold group’ input on Trauma, Post Incident and Disaster Management in Policing, including deployments criteria for the wellbeing vans.

3: Early Interventions, Treatments and Rehabilitation

This area is aimed at providing realistic trauma briefing, post-incident support, screening, and where necessary longer-term support and counselling.

The most effective delivery of early interventions is through well-trained, monitored and supported supervisors and peers who have been trained in early intervention models. Equally important is the need for the OH/HR and management to provide sensitive and effective programmes to assist in rehabilitation and return to work following trauma.

In policing, dealing with crisis, disaster and trauma is not an experiment; it is a way of life. Nevertheless, central to policing is the continual quest for best evidence and for this reason there is we have a keen interest in finding out what is best practice in terms of policy, procedure, training and intervention in this field.

In support of this we are working with specialists and experts to:

  • Develop an Early Intervention Model (ESTIP)
  • Devise appropriate monitoring and screening of exposed individuals
  • Upskill OK Peer Supporters in the ESTIP model to support post incident
  • Engaging OH professionals in assessing and supporting officers and staff with symptoms of traumatic stress
  • Adopting a protocol for the use of internal and external trauma counselling and other post incident services
  • Evaluating post-trauma interventions

Integrating new research into the biopsychosocial model of trauma into practice

The Early Intervention Model (ESTIP)

A new model of care is being developed by the National Police Wellbeing Service alongside trauma experts and specialists and is called the Emergency Services Trauma Intervention Programme ‘ESTIP’.

The model is based upon a process of immediate peer – led diffusing which then leads on to, where necessary, to further psychological risk management assessments.

Availability & Booking

Details of all the events will be made available in the Events section of the Oscar Kilo website www.oscarkilo.org.uk – Forces will receive invitations to attend workshops. Booking onto the sessions can be done directly with the team member who sends the invitation, via the website or by emailing contact@oscarkilo.org.uk

References

[1] National Trauma Training https://www.nes.scot.nhs.uk/education-and-training/by-discipline/psychology/multiprofessional-psychology/national-trauma-training-framework.aspx

[2] See Psychological Screening (2019) College of Policing

[3] See Early Interventions Project (2019) Public Health England